In an attempt to shield themselves from the arrows, the Roman troops formed a Testudo formation (look it up). This restricted their mobility, and made them vulnerable to attacks from the cataphracts. The Roman’s took heavy casualties from the charging Parthians, and began to panic. As they loosened up their formation to attempt to combat the cataphracts, the horse archers came back and began their fire again. Marcus Crassus was unsure what to do. He first tried to outlast the horse archers arrows, until he realized Surena had thousands of camels supplying. Considering the Horse Archers were the main thing constricting what they could do, Marcus sent his son, Publius, with 1300 cavalry, 500 archers and 8 legionnare cohorts to drive them off. The horse archers pretended to retreat, and Publius gave chase, while being shot at. Publius became completely separated from the main Roman army, where he became surrounded by cataphracts and horse archers. His fate was sealed as his forces were slaughtered, and Publius committed suicide on the hill his army fought it’s last stand on. As Publius had been gone for a while, Marcus ordered an advance to try and take his som out of danger. What he saw was Publius’s head on a spear, and his forces became surrounded by horse archers, and faces more cataphract charges. This continued until nighttime, when Marcus ordered retreat, leaving behind 4,000 wounded soldiers (they were killed the next morning). Four of Marcus’s cohorts would get lost (a cohort has 360-800 troops) in the dark, and got surrounded and slaughtered, with only 20 surviving. On may 7th, Surena offered to negotiate with Marcus. Initially Marcus didn’t want to, but he was threatened with mutiny considering how well the battle had gone for the romans on the 6th. Something went wrong during negotiations, and Marcus and his generals were killed. The remaining Roman armies tried to flee from Carrhae, but were chased after by the Parthians, most being killed or captured. The Roman armies lost 20,000 killed and 10,000 captured that day, compared to the Parthian army who had only lost 38 cataphracts. The Parthian king also captured Armenia, but he got jealous of Surena’s
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