UZBEKISTAN - THE SILK ROUTE - The tradition of making fabrics originated in Uzbekistan since ancient times. Pieces of silk fabric were found in North Bactria (II-III centuries BC), are proof of weaving and dyeing of fabrics many millennia ago. Bukhara, Namangan, Margilan have always been centers of weaving. Since ancient times, due to the complexity and length of ikat production, fabric was available only to select circle. “Ikat” symbolized prosperity, wealth and power.
#Uzbekikat is different in that figure is applied only to the warp, weft remains monochrome.
In #Uzbekistan, ikat is made using a technique called abrband that means – tied cloud, and the tissue obtained in this way is called abr. Tissue, in the technique “ikat” are blended (grosgrain), where the wefts are made of cotton threads, they are called alocha, adras, bekasab etc. There are also fabrics of pure silk and are named alocha, satin, shoyi. Pure silk fabrics are ornamented by the same technique, dressing base or one-color woven in pinstripe or a cage, and sometimes so that the base is made of strands of the same color, and wefts from another, so tissue receives beautiful and sophisticated color ebb.
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